The plans to travel in Alaska must be for less than 30 days. D Candidate, write in their article, published in Hastings Law Journal , " The Evolution of Unconstitutionality in Sex Offender Registration Laws ", that sex offender registration laws were initially anchored by rational basis but have since spiraled into what they characterize as "super-registration schemes". Doe the Supreme Court of the United States affirmed public disclosure of sex offender information. Links last verified 23 Aug The court found that in San Diego County, the 2,feet rule meant that less than 3 percent of multi-unit housing was available to offenders. It would also be much more expensive to administer, leaving the second approach a reasonable alternative with respect to these low-level offenders. The majority of offenders surveyed report that they have experienced first-hand social or psychological effects resulting from the public registries. Although the registries have not curbed the commission of sex offenses, it should be noted that law enforcement officials in Alaska do view the offender database as a useful investigatory tool after an offense occurs. Neither sex offenders or law enforcement have the tools or data to determine the zones. Studies show, however, that offenders who view punishment as too severe or inescapable may be more likely to reoffend and that many offenders subject to the lifetime registration requirement feel states have opened the door to endless harassment and stigmatization. Although offenders as young as 14 are subject to registration and public notification requirements under the Walsh Act, research establishes that recidivism rates for juvenile sex offenders are substantially lower than the rates for other types of juvenile offenders. In light of this testimony, the legislature did not attempt to distinguish among types of offenders or to evaluate which offenders were most likely to recidivate. Of these negative consequences, employment difficulties are perhaps most significant. Initial registration must be completed in person at a registration agency. In a decision, the court concluded that the state, by making an "irrefutable presumption" about adults' behavior based on crimes they committed as teens, violated their constitutional right to due process.