In regard to athletics , Title IX regulations require schools to give women the same amount of access as they do for men. Since its inception , the law has been the basis for numerous amendments, reviews, political actions, and even Supreme Court cases. The newest lawsuit that was filed earlier this year shows how long the process surrounding these cases can last. No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance. That letter was a follow-up to a similar one sent out in —which itself was a reminder of sexual harassment guidelines released in —that gave schools instructions on how to deal with sexual assault complaints. This is exactly the type of thing Title IX was meant to prevent, yet has struggled to accomplish. The opportunity to participate in athletic programs has significant consequences beyond access for women who want to participate. The interaction between these two sports and Title IX is also frequently misunderstood. Criticism of Title IX While Title IX has clearly had a significant impact on female participation in athletics and equality in education more generally, the law still has its critics. After all, Title IX is concerned with female athletes having the opportunity to receive scholarships for playing collegiate sports, right? The law is certainly not a panacea, but it applies to more than just sports and with greater implementation, it can have a very wide-reaching effect. The incident involving Peyton Manning and the University of Tennessee is a perfect example of the difficulties surrounding these types of cases. Enforcement and High-Profile Incidents While concern and outrage over alleged sexual assaults have increased, enforcement has faced some resistance. Read on to find out the whole scope of the landmark statute and what role it is playing in potentially punishing universities for their actions.