In response to these rulings, in , several Missouri state Senators proposed an amendment to the Missouri Constitution that would exempt sex offender registration laws from bar on retrospective civil laws. This is contrary to media depictions of stranger assaults or child molesters who kidnap children unknown to them. News reports in revealed that some registered sex offenders were living outside or under the Julia Tuttle Causeway in Miami, Florida because Miami-Dade County ordinances, which are more restrictive than Florida's state laws, made it virtually impossible for them to find housing. They allow classification decisions to be made via administrative or judicial processes. In addition, hundreds of counties and municipalities have passed local ordinances exceeding the state requirements,   and some local communities have created exclusion zones around churches , pet stores , movie theaters , libraries , playgrounds , tourist attractions or other "recreational facilities" such as stadiums , airports , auditoriums , swimming pools , skating rinks and gymnasiums, regardless of whether publicly or privately owned. Like the Australian and British registers, the New Zealand sex offenders register will not be accessible to the general public but only to officials with security clearance. The Supreme Court of the United States has upheld sex offender registration laws twice, in two respects. The thought of getting on the sex offender registry may or may not deter non-sex offenders from committing sex crimes. Civil right groups,   law reform activists,    academics,   some child safety advocates,       politicians  and law enforcement officials  think that current laws often target the wrong people, swaying attention away from high-risk sex offenders, while severely impacting lives of all registrants,     and their families,   attempting to re-integrate to society. United Kingdom[ edit ] In the United Kingdom, the Violent and Sex Offender Register ViSOR is a database of records of those required to register with the Police under the Sexual Offences Act , those jailed for more than 12 months for violent offences, and unconvicted people thought to be at risk of offending. Ohio has a publicly accessible registry for people convicted five or more times of drunken driving. Phillips now styled Doe v. In general, in states applying risk-based registry schemes, low-risk Tier I offenders are often excluded from the public disclosure. Prior to Megan's death, only 5 states had laws requiring sex offenders to register their personal information with law enforcement. Not all state web sites provide for public disclosure of information about all sex-offenders who reside, work, or attend school in the state. Public notification[ edit ] States also differ with respect to public disclosure of offender information.